Hair transplant surgery today is a treat, especially in developing steadily, and we face a lot in Turkey. When it comes to hair transplantation, the first question in candidates’ mind is usually “Am I suitable for hair transplantation?” Considering the latest point of hair transplantation, we can state that many people are suitable for hair transplantation. So, does being suitable for hair transplantation mean that you will have very successful results?
Considering the individuals for whom hair transplantation cannot be applied, the first obstacle that comes to mind is generally health problems. On the other hand, although there is no health problem, there are also candidates who are not suitable for the operation. For example, those who do not have enough donor hair. In this article, we will explain the diseases or other necessary criteria that may prevent hair transplantation.
The first thing to know is that an individual who wants to have a hair transplant operation must be of age. In addition to hair transplantation, the candidate is expected to be 20 years of age or older for beard transplantation. The reason for this is that the beard continues to grow until the age of 20.
Donor Area Criteria
The person showing the donor area in his hair
Donor Area is the name given to the area where the follicular units with the strongest hair strands will be taken and represents the area between the two ears in the nape area. Although this area first comes to mind as the nape area, Dr. The hairs in the beard area, which are used in almost all operations as supportive in Serkan Aygın Clinic, are also included in the donor area. The hair on the chest or other parts of the body that can be used as needed can also be considered as the donor area. As a result, hair transplantation planning can be done with hairs taken from other parts of the body.
The factors that determine the quality of the donor area; hair color, strand diameter, hair shape (curly or straight) and hair follicle density.
In order for the hair transplant to be applied, the following steps should be taken:
Before the hair transplant operation, a basic blood test is performed. A detailed blood test or a doctor’s report may be required in patients with important diseases. Thus, the suitability for hair transplantation can be determined.
If the person undergoing hair transplantation has chronic diseases, they should be evaluated. This subject will be discussed in detail.
The person’s allergic history and sensitivity to anesthesia are questioned before hair transplantation.
Determination of Graft Number
With the latest technological developments, surgeons can obtain very satisfactory results in graft yield and consistently improve existing methods. In hair transplantation, the main donor area is the nape area. The condition of the scalp in this area significantly determines the capacity of the operation. There is a safe amount of graft that can be taken from the nape donor area; Although this amount varies from patient to patient, it is between 4 and 5 thousand grafts at most in an average session. If the operation requires a larger number of grafts, a second operation is planned. The reason for this is to ensure that the patient gets maximum results with minimum damage.
If hair follicles are removed from the nape area above safe limits in one session, a nape that has moved away from the natural appearance may be encountered after the operation.
Compliance in the donor area plays a very important role in the hair transplant operation. In some patients, the amount of graft taken from the neck is not sufficient for the area to be transplanted. In such cases, individuals’ body hair is used. These are the hairs on the beard and chest areas.
Measuring the hair density in the donor area is as important as the stage of hair loss. The amount of hair per cm2 is called hair density. The number of hair is between 90-120 follicles, that is, 200-300 hair strands in young people. In adults, this number is between 60-80 follicles, that is, 130-170 hair strands.
Androgenetic Alopecia (Male Pattern Hair Loss)
Androgenetic alopecia is the medical term for male pattern hair loss. 99% of the hair loss seen in men is hair loss caused by Androgenetic Alopecia. Testosterone hormone is secreted from the age of 13 and begins to give the characteristic features of the male sex. This hormone affects the hair as well as other parts of the body.
The earlier male pattern hair loss begins in an individual’s life, the higher the risk of progressing to an advanced stage. Therefore, the Norwood Scale (NS) is a useful guide to identify male pattern hair loss stages. The scale ranges from 2, which is the lightest hair loss, to 7, which is the most advanced. But these numbers cannot make definite decisions about whether or not candidates can have hair transplanted. It is extremely important to get the doctor’s opinion for definitive results.
Diseases That May Prevent Hair Transplantation
Patient consulting his doctor
If the candidates have diabetes, thyroid or blood pressure disease, hair transplant operation can be performed after obtaining approval from their doctors and after the necessary controls. Hair thinning and hair loss are frequently observed in individuals with hypothyroidism. If thyroid hormones are treated, hair transplantation can be performed. Hair transplantation cannot be applied to candidates who have chronic diseases such as liver failure, kidney failure, heart failure or who are undergoing chemotherapy due to cancer.
In addition to these, hair transplantation can be applied to candidates with diseases such as Hepatitis A and B. The reason for this is the Hepatitis A and B vaccines that our doctors and healthcare teams have given to protect against these diseases. After the analyzes of the diseases seen other than the diseases mentioned above are made individually, the suitability for the operation is determined.
Hair Transplantation in Women
Hair loss image in women
Many women may experience hair loss in certain periods of their lives like men. Estrogen hormone prevents hair loss in women to a great extent. However, this does not mean that women will not experience hair loss or need a hair transplant. Since female and male hair loss is caused by completely different reasons and shed from different regions, the procedure to be applied should be different on its own.
The conditions that can be used for hair transplantation in female patients are:
Women with male pattern hair loss (Androgenetic Alopecia) type hair loss in women: This includes hairline recession, crown thinning and a donor area not affected by Androgenetic Alopecia. Women with this type of hair loss are also suitable candidates for hair transplantation.
Women who suffer from hair loss due to Traction Alopecia: Hair transplantation is a very suitable operation for women who experience Traction Alopecia, also known as pull-induced hair loss. It can generally be seen in women who use their hair by tying or tugging for many years. The hair lines of these women are shifted backwards and the donor areas are suitable for hair transplantation.
Women who experience hair loss due to trauma, including hair loss due to external factors such as burns or accidental damage or after surgery, are also suitable for hair transplantation.
Hypothyroidism is one of the most common causes of hair loss in women. Hair transplantation can be applied after the diseases of the candidates are taken under control.
Women who experience hair loss due to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. This disease is when the ovary contains many cysts and as a result, women experience hormone imbalance. Due to this imbalance, hair loss is frequently observed in women. If planned carefully, the hair transplant operation can be applied to these patients.
Hair Quality and Effect of Loss Type
Hair transplantation is an effective procedure to regain lost hair and it has a great impact on the lives of candidates suitable for this procedure. Hair transplantation results are much more successful in people with narrower hair loss areas. However, even if the shed area reaches medium levels, the thick hair to be transplanted is among the reasons that increase the success.
Factors that increase the success of hair transplantation; The number of grafts, hair density, the size of the area to be transplanted, the quality of the hair to be transplanted and the type of hair loss. First of all, the type of hair loss should be determined correctly and the area to be transplanted should be planned correctly. Therefore, before the hair transplant operation, “Am I suitable for hair transplantation?” It is necessary to consider the question. You can take the first step required for this via the Online Consultation form and consult our doctors about your suitability for hair transplantation.