Hair transplantation can be expressed as “the permanent solution to the hair loss problem.” On the other hand, a hair transplant operation can be defined as a microsurgical operation performed in a hospital environment. What is meant by the expression of microsurgery operation is to perform hair transplantation with much fewer interventions than a standard process in hair transplantation.
Hair transplant operation is an effective and permanent solution for people with androgenetic alopecia, which is medically known as male pattern hair loss, but apart from this, people with scars or hair loss with various hair diseases can easily have this operation.
FUE Hair Transplant Operation
Although hair transplantation development goes back to very old times, hair transplantation in the world began to be used in its current meaning in the mid-1990s. Hair transplantation performed with the FUT method in the 1990s has left its place to the FUE method developed in the early 2000s and started to be used after 2005. Since that date, it has continuously improved with small innovations, but the basic principles of FUE have not changed. Today, it continues to be used as the most advanced hair transplant technique.
The most advanced and state-of-the-art technique in hair transplant operation is the FUE technique. With the FUE method, which is one of the most recent and modern hair transplantation techniques and accepted as the gold standard, people with hair loss are offered the opportunity to have natural-looking hair.
The difference of the FUE technique used in hair transplantation is that it leaves little scars and shows rapid recovery. The success of the operation increases depending on the development of the materials used in the FUE method.
Hair Transplant Basic Stages
There are basic principles in all methods of hair transplant operations. These principles are:
- Collection of hair follicles
- Opening the channels
- Planting roots
- Collection of Hair Roots
These are the characteristic of the FUE method, which provides severe aesthetic success during hair follicle collection. In the FUE method, hair is collected one by one with cylindrical needles. Thus, hair follicles can be collected with little damage.
It is also very important to use needles with a size of 0.7 mm to 0.9 mm depending on the hair follicles’ size or 1.0 mm for someone whose hair roots are always 3-4-5 hair strands. The sharpness of the needles used here and the one-time use for each patient is another factor that affects the operation’s success in terms of material.
Again, removing the hair according to the roots’ angles is another point that will prevent the roots from being damaged. For example, for someone with excessively curly hair, there are also needles called u-grafts, which take root without damaging it with a curved shape. These are the delicacies planned by the doctor before the operation according to the patient’s condition.
Metal (steel) slits used to be used in the classical FUE method during the channels’ opening. Sapphire blades that are much smoother and sharper are used today. With the use of sapphire tips in opening hair follicles, it is possible to determine the natural hair transplantation angle and direction much more straightforward.
While the direction of the hair is created while the channel is opened, the angle of the hair relative to the skin is the factor to be considered during the transplantation phase.
With the use of sapphire tips, faster recovery is seen after the channels are opened. A few different tips are sufficient for each patient, depending on the thickness of the hair follicles. Again, care should be taken to use each direction for only one patient.
In the last stage of planting the roots, it is the process of placing the hairs one by one at 40-45 degree angles in the channels opened in the right directions. All three stages have their subtleties. The most important delicacy in all these stages is, of course, experience.