Dandruff is a skin disease that is characterized by itching and exfoliation symptoms of the scalp, and it causes extreme discomfort in people with dandruff problems due to the accumulation of white, oily flakes on the hair and shoulders of the people. While it remains unclear what actually causes dandruff formation, many studies on the subject suggest a number of underlying causes such as genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms and signs of dandruff include excessive shedding of dead skin in the scalp, scales resembling white powder that accumulate on the scalp, skin irritation and itching. While the severity of dandruff can vary according to the season, it usually gets worse in autumn and winter due to dry weather.

Although dandruff is not among the risky conditions in terms of health, it is known to cause social problems such as lack of self-esteem and self-esteem in people and embarrassment in the society because it is often mistakenly perceived as a symptom of lack of hygiene and inadequate hair care.

“In a study, it was observed that male participants with dandruff problem had lower self-confidence compared to the self-confidence of participants who stated that they had a healthy scalp.” What Is Dandruff and How To Get Rid of It?

Also, the severity of the condition can be a marker of other skin diseases such as seborrheic dermatitis accompanied by other symptoms such as inflamed red skin and yellowish scaly layers. For this reason, it is strongly recommended that people with such symptoms consult a dermatologist for medical advice and information about viable treatment options such as anti-dandruff shampoos.

How to Understand Dandruff in Hair?
Before choosing any dandruff shampoo or home remedy, it is very important to determine what your skin problem is, as the ingredients of the products or home remedies you apply to your scalp can irritate your skin more and even worsen the inflammation if your problem is a harbinger of another disease.

Conceptually, dandruff is defined as lumpy, greasy and non-inflamed abnormal desquamation (flaking or peeling of the skin) of the scalp with itching, numbness and tingling of the skin. Although the urge to scratch the itching point provides short-term relief, as the itching sensation is indeed uncomfortable, it causes a vicious cycle in which scratching the scalp causes more irritation, as the itch itself is irritated.

Although medicated shampoos are frequently used in the treatment of dandruff to get rid of excess dead scalp cells accumulated in the hair, itching and exfoliation are observed in skin problems such as seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis in the scalp or scalp dryness, each of which requires different treatments. It is important to distinguish dandruff from these other problems and to choose an appropriate treatment among medically examined methods.

The surface of the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer)

What Causes Dandruff?
As mentioned above, while the main causes are not known for sure, dandruff occurs when the scalp sheds large oily flakes instead of the usual, invisible small rashes when the skin regenerates itself. For this reason, it is hypothesized that the formation of dandruff may be related to some genetic factors such as the sebaceous glands secretion of excess sebum. This has also been linked to the occurrence of dandruff in adolescence and middle age when the major sebaceous glands are most active. Similarly, high sebum levels in men compared to women may explain why men face dandruff more often than women.

At the same time, such as Parkinson’s Disease

Some diseases that affect the stem or microorganisms such as Malassezia globosa, a fungus that lives only on the scalp, and fungal infections are among the other causes of dandruff. Studies have also shown that there is a strong correlation between the increase in the severity of dandruff and the dry weather of autumn and winter and the stress levels of individuals.

Myths and Truths About Dandruff

What Is Dandruff and How To Get Rid of It?

Dandruff is caused by a lack of hygiene.
No, dandruff is not caused by a lack of hygiene, but not washing your hair enough can cause dead skin cells to accumulate in your hair and become visible.

Dandruff is contagious.
No, dandruff is not contagious, so it’s not possible for dandruff to be passed on to someone else or to be infected by someone else’s dandruff.

Dandruff causes hair loss.
No, dandruff does not cause hair loss, but scratching caused by the itching sensation can damage the hair follicles, which can cause hair thinning or temporary hair loss even if there is no baldness. However, it should be noted that dandruff can cause hair to shed faster in people who have androgenetic alopecia, a type of hair loss observed in both men and women. However, if you experience patchy hair loss, this may also be caused by alopecia areata (ringworm). It is highly recommended to consult a dermatologist.

What Is The Ultimate Solution Against Dandruff?
As mentioned earlier, it is very important to find out what the skin problem you are facing is before any treatment. Anti-dandruff shampoos containing salicylic acid and fungicides such as ketoconazole and selenium sulfide are used to combat dandruff. In addition, applying oils such as aspirin or coconut oil or tea tree oil or coal tar to your hair due to their salicylic acid content are among the remedies that can be made at home for dandruff and hair related problems. Similarly, it is recommended to comb your hair more frequently to avoid harsh chemicals that can irritate the skin, not to peel off patches or plaques on the scalp, and to prevent scales from accumulating. Finally, it is strongly recommended that you have a scalp examination and follow up treatment accordingly to diagnose your problem.


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